Posted by on Aug 26, 2016 in Dentistry |

Dental fillings are used for cavities treatment. Currently, there are a lot of options which are beyond the traditional metal fillings. Tooth decay, also known as caries or cavities develops where plaque destroys enamel which protects the outer external of teeth. In case you have carried, it is significant to have them medicated by a dentist in the shortest time possible. Without quick treatment, carries can eventually become severe and affect the delicate nerves and tissues deep in the teeth. When tooth decay is treated early, serious complications for instance tooth loss and nerve damage can be preventable.

Dental fillings have progressed over years and currently there exist numerous options apart from traditional metal fillings. The article highlights the kinds of dental fillings which are available in today’s dental health care.

  • Amalgam Fillings
    • The amalgam option has been applied for over 100 years to fill carries, and it is still extensively used today. Amalgam denotes an elemental resilient combination of metals and may constitute silver, mercury, copper, tin and other metal combinations. Amalgam are silver in color and hence are not as good as teeth-coloured fillings used in more visible teeth. For example, near the mouth front. Additionally, amalgam contains mercury and therefore it has raised concerns over its safety. The high exposure to mercury is linked to some neurological problems, especially among children and infants. However, research from Food and Drug Administration and National Institutes of Health reveals that oral amalgam is a safe filling option.
  • Composite Fillings
    • A composite refers to a tooth-coloured material which is made of quartz or glass and resin. The composite fillings are more natural looking and durable than amalgam fillings. However, they are expensive than the amalgam and takes longer to place. Additionally, composite fillings can turn stained with time.
  • Glass Ionomer Fillings
    • These fillings are also tooth-coloured like composite fillings. These fillings are made of acrylic and glass and often used in filling carries at the teeth root surfaces. The glass ionomer can also release fluoride which helps to protect teeth from any additional decay. However, these fillings are not as durable as composite or amalgam fillings. Therefore, they are best applied on tooth areas which are not exposed to a lot of friction when chewing.
  • Resin Ionomer Fillings
    • The option is similar to glass ionomers in the sense that they are too natural looking and made from glass filler and acrylic. However, they are often used in filling small carries or even on the tooth root surfaces.

In conclusion, dental filling is an important concept used for tooth decay treatment. The available options for tooth fillings in today’s world are amalgam, composite, glass and resin ionomer fillings. Every procedure has its upsides and downsides as highlighted in the exposition.